In a school there are always children who for one ‘reason’ or another cannot access the day-to-day curriculum in the same way as the majority of their peers. These children are at a distinct disadvantage when it comes to learning situations, and could be said to be excluded from the curriculum. The ‘reason’ may be physical, behavioural, communication or learning difficulty. It can be, and this is so in the majority of cases, a combination of these.
Inclusion at Powers Hall seeks to remove this disadvantage by providing a package of support for these children, individually in small groups and as a whole class that enables them to be fully included in all areas of the curriculum.
Inclusion is not merely having the physical presence of a child in the classroom. It is ensuring that he/she is actively involved in the learning process.
This policy seeks to ensure:
We define a drug as being: ‘A substance people take to change the way they feel, think or behave’. (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime)
Throughout this policy drug refers to all drugs:
We define drug misuse to be:
“The taking of a substance which harms or threatens to harm the physical or mental health or social well-being of an individual, or of other individuals, or society at large, or which is illegal. Within this definition, can be placed the use of legal substances such as alcohol, solvents, the use of prescribed medicines and the taking of illegal drugs” (Adapted from the Royal College of Psychiatrists 1987 – County Child Protection Guidelines).
Our school has two responsibilities:
Under the terms of the National Curriculum we are required to meet two aims:
We are also required to meet the aim of the Essex Vision Statement:
Young people are growing up in an increasingly drug-using world. During their early childhood they are exposed to messages about drug use from the media, their peers, their families and our wider society, they may experiment with drugs whilst still of school age and will be confronted by opportunities to use drugs throughout their lives.
If we are to prepare our young people for living in a ‘drug-using world’ we need to ensure all young people in our school receive an appropriate curriculum matched to their age and readiness. This will be determined by classroom research (draw and write etc.).
We recognise that many of the aspects of the curriculum contribute towards enabling young people not only to know how to stay safe from substance misuse, but also to have the high self-esteem and interpersonal skills that enable them to stay safe and in control.
Our school is committed to working towards the principles of Every Child Matters, and the National Healthy School Standard both to raise achievement and to support those young people living with the risk factors that increase their vulnerability to future drug misuse.
The raising of every child’s self-esteem is a fundamental aim of our school.
Problems with drug use can affect any of our young people, from the youngest to the eldest. These can range from:
A young person’s own problem drug use can be:
It is rare for problem drug use to be isolated from other pastoral difficulties.
In all cases our guiding principle will be that:
The welfare of the young person and their peers is paramount.
Whilst every effort should be made to enable constructive dialogue to take place between young people requiring support and school staff, no staff member can or should offer total confidentiality.
Teachers must be able to honour their professional responsibilities in relation to:
All staff and any expert visitors to the school are subject at all times to child protection (Blue Book) procedures.
No visitor will work with young people in any unsupervised capacity unless they have been CRB checked.
Please refer to Medical Policy and to Code of Practice 29 – Administration of Medicines and Procedures for Dealing with Certain Medical Conditions (Essex County Council). Individual care plans are in place for children with identified medical conditions that require administration of medicines e.g. diabetes.
Our Personal, Social and Health Education co-ordinator is: Rebecca Butler-Smith
Our named member of staff for child protection is: Kirsty Brown
Our Governor with responsibility for child protection is: Margaret Galione
Our Governor with responsibility for PSHE and Citizenship is: Margaret Galione
The Taught Curriculum
The aim of our taught drug curriculum is to support the Essex vision for drug education:
In Essex, every learner has the knowledge, problem solving and decision making skills necessary to be able to make informed choices about drug use and that they have the interpersonal skills and high self-esteem required to enable them to enact their decision with the least possible harm to themselves or others.
Our curriculum will be taught in the following ways:
Our school will work to inform parents in order to ensure that messages about drug misuse are consistent.
Where peer education is used peers will have received appropriate training, understand boundaries and have appropriate supervision and support.
Drug education will be monitored and assessed as part of the overall PSHE programme and the science element in accordance with requirements of the National Curriculum.
Use of external contributors to drug education
External contributors will not be used as substitute teachers and should contribute to the broad drug education programme. Any visitor to the school who has unsupervised access to pupils will be subject to Criminal Records Bureau (CRB) checks.
A teacher will normally always be present in the classroom for the whole of each lesson where external contributors are present. The responsibility for learning always remains with the teacher.
All visitors to our classrooms will work to the principles outlined within this policy.
The school should be prepared for any pastoral incident where drug misuse is a significant or contributory factor in relation to the immediate or long-term safety or welfare of an individual child. Schools should also be aware of the risks posed to young people by parents, carers or staff members who misuse drugs.
Many ‘over- the-counter’ preparations such as paracetamol are potentially lethal if misused.
All drug use carries risks, and these should neither be inappropriately exaggerated nor inappropriately minimised.
The school’s response will be measured and balanced against the extent or nature of the incident. Our aim will always be to engage or re engage young people with learning.
We deem a drug incident to be within our boundaries of responsibility if it occurs:
If a young person is sent home from a school trip related to any aspect of poor behaviour their parents or carers will be responsible for any additional the cost of transport etc.
At all times all staff have a duty of care and any child deemed to be at risk will be reported to the named person for child protection.
A young person thought to have misused any substance by intent or by accident will always be treated as a serious medical emergency and medical advice and treatment will be swiftly sought.
The use of recreational drugs (including alcohol) or the bringing of recreational drugs onto the school premises will not be tolerated. The same principle will apply to school trips.
Our school is at all times a ‘no smoking’ establishment.
All staff have a duty to support young people who approach them with problems related to drug use. Prior to any further investigation any such approach will always be considered as a request for help and a pastoral rather than a disciplinary matter.
When dealing with any incident, in priority, staff will consider:
All staff will swiftly ensure that the named person for Child Protection and the Head teacher are informed about any such problem.
Any use of illegal drugs, the actual supply or the offer to supply illegal drugs on school premises or on school trips will always be reported to the police.
As a general principle, parents will always be notified of the school’s concern over a drug-related incident. The only exception to this is when the head teacher feels that the welfare of the young person would be placed in greater jeopardy by this action, in which case the Child Protection Team will be consulted.
The three principle areas of difficulty with drug use are:
The school has a legal duty to ensure that illegal drug use or the making or supply of controlled drugs does not take place on our premises or on school trips.
School staff may safely take possession of an unknown substance. The law provides that: “if a person took possession of a drug to prevent another committing an offence or continuing to commit an offence and then took speedy action to destroy the drug or hand it to an authorised person, this shall be a defence to the charge, of possessing a controlled drug”. Sec 5 Misuse of Drugs Act 1971.
Drugs or equipment are discovered on school premises
Staff are required to:
A pupil is found in possession of drugs (including tobacco)
Staff are required to:
A pupil is thought to be in possession of a drug
Staff are required to:
The school reserves the right to search the desk and locker of any pupil suspected of being in the possession of drugs; to ask a young person to empty their pockets or open their bag.
If the young person refuses, under no circumstances will any member of staff attempt to physically search a young person.
A member of staff suspects a pupil is under the influence of a drug
Staff will never treat intoxication lightly. The effect of any drug (including alcohol) on a young person can be highly unpredictable. Intoxication or a suspected overdose (even if the young person appears fit and well) will always be deemed a medical emergency.
Under no circumstances will an intoxicated young person be disciplined until medical advice has been sought. Intoxication from solvent can be lethal if the young person is suddenly shocked or alarmed. The unpleasant (even horrific) effects of psychedelic drugs can be exacerbated by discipline with potentially catastrophic results.
Staff are required to:
A pupil discloses that they are using drugs
Staff are required to:
Pupil discloses parents or carers misuse or supply drugs
Staff are required to:
Parents or carers under the influence of drugs on the school premises
The focus of action will be to maintain the welfare of the child. If a parent is violent or abusive they will be asked to leave the premises. No member of staff will place themselves or a young person at risk. If necessary the police will be informed.
If the parent or carer is collecting the child and the welfare of the child is deemed to be at risk, the child will be retained on school premises, Head teacher will be informed and the school will consider whether to invoke child protection procedures or call the police (It is a criminal offence to be ‘drunk in charge’ of a child under the age of 7 years).
Monitoring and record keeping
We will record all drug related incidents initially in the Child Protection file. We will make no entry on the young person’s permanent record until all the evidence has been gathered and corroborated. Only factual information will recorded. The school will regularly follow up drug related incidents in order to monitor progress.
The majority of young people who misuse drugs are only experimenting with them. This behaviour is still potentially dangerous and young people must understand that the use of illegal drugs and the misuse of any substance in all circumstances is inappropriate.
Young people need to understand that the school will try to support anyone who voluntarily seeks our help with drugs related problems.
They also need to know clearly that bringing recreational drugs into school or onto school visits for any purpose will be dealt with severely; as will using the school or educational visits to make deals for the supply of illegal drugs.
It is our policy;
Once the police are involved and if a prosecution is to follow, the school will return to a counselling or supportive role with the intention of engaging the young person in learning.
The principle goal of the school will be to attempt to re-establish a working relationship with young people who have been disciplined for drug related issues.
All media involvement will only be dealt with by the head teacher of the school or the member of staff delegated by the head teacher.
Updated March 2011
Sharps or needle-stick injuries
Some young people will encounter use injecting equipment in their community. Although the curriculum should include work on safety and emphasise the importance of not touching any suspicious sharp or dirty object, curiosity or simple accident may still result in a needle stick injury.
If this should happen or even if it is suspected that it might have happened it is vital that the following protocol is followed.
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